Tag Archive: cesium


Finally scientists have confirmed what we saw coming from 6,000 miles away: pacific bluefin tuna are now contaminated with significant amounts of radioactive cesium and who-knows-what other isotopes.  

Testing of bluefin tuna caught off the coast of California revealed that every one tested contained radiocesium in concentrations as much as 10bq/kq.  To put that number in perspective, 100bq/kg would be considered low-level radioactive waste under U.S. environmental law and require special disposal.  So, it’s only 10% as bad as officially radioactive waste.  Yum!  

And to get a little more perspective, here are some of the numbers coming back in fish in Japan, found at Jan Hemmer’s blog: http://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2012/06/07/latest-food-measurements-japan/

No.109, 111: Fukushima Prefecture greenling (Cs: 160,910 Bq / kg)

No.112, 113: stone flounder in Fukushima Prefecture (Cs: 140,210 Bq / kg)

No.116, 175: Ezoainame Fukushima Prefecture (Cs: 240, 110Bq/kg)

No.121, 179: Fukushima Prefecture fox rockfish (Cs: 210,590 Bq / kg)

Rockfish Fukushima Prefecture: No.124 (Cs: 110 Bq / kg)

No.126, 181: Komonkasube Fukushima Prefecture (Cs: 330,110 Bq / kg)

No.129, 130,185,186: Shiromebaru Fukushima Prefecture (Cs: 220 ~ 1000 Bq / kg)

Croaker, Fukushima Prefecture: No.132 (Cs: 130 Bq / kg)

No.133, 134: slime flounder in Fukushima Prefecture (Cs: 270,470 Bq / kg)

Flounder in Fukushima Prefecture: No.138 (Cs: 120 Bq / kg)

Chelidonichthys Fukushima Prefecture: No.139 (Cs: 120 Bq / kg)

Spotted halibut Fukushima Prefecture: No.140 (Cs: 110 Bq / kg)

Marbled sole Fukushima Prefecture: No.145 (Cs: 310 Bq / kg)

No.151, 152: Murasoi Fukushima Prefecture (Cs: 140,310 Bq / kg)

Strongylocentrotus nudus Fukushima Prefecture: No.161 (Cs: 120 Bq / kg)

Usumebaru Fukushima Prefecture: No.174 (Cs: 270 Bq / kg)

The numbers are truly shocking.  Some of the higher ones would qualify as high-level radioactive waste.   

These tuna almost certainly were born off the coast of Japan and recently migrated to the U.S. west coast.  The really bad news is that scientists expect the levels to get worse over the next year as tuna that have spent longer in Japanese waters continue to migrate across the pacific.  

The glowing sushi jokes that have been circulating for over a year weren’t funny when they started and still aren’t – not because they are inappropriate (they are inappropriate), I just haven’t heard a good one yet.  Maybe the radiation has rotted our sense of humor…

At this point, unfortunately it isn’t just the jokes that stink.  

It appears that 200 metric tons of sardines have washed up on the shore in Chiba Prefecture, and the odor can be smelled quite a distance from the port.  Strange fish kills have been on the rise for years due to the havoc humans have been wreaking on the environment, but the proximity to the largest industrial accident in the history of the world is definitely suggestive of a cause.  

Here is a picture of the port, that’s not sand, those are dead fish and that is blood in the water:

Less than a week after that, Mochizuki at Fukushima Diary reports about a similar occurrence – quite a ways away from Chiba in Kanagwa prefecture, along with this photo: 

10 thousand sardines found dead in South Kanagawa

10 thousand sardines found dead in South Kanagawa

While Fukushima has certainly brought the issue of radioactive fish to the forefront, such contaminated fish have been a fact of life for some time.In August, 2011 Reuters reported that Strontium 90 was found in fish caught in the Connecticut River downstream from the aging Vermont Yankee nuclear waste generating station.
Radioactivity continues to be a significant problem in the Baltic Sea nearly 30 years after the Chernobyl accident.  In addition to the Chernobyl legacy, a number of nuclear plants continue to release radioactivity into the Baltic.  
The Irish Sea has it’s own problem with radioactivity.  The Sellafield site has two retired reactors but still functions as a used fuel reprocessing plant and nuclear waste storage site.  Sellafield has been continuously leaking radiation into the Irish Sea since 1952.  The following chart, from NoNuclear.SE shows Cesium in fish almost twice as radioactive as the Bluefin Tuna caught off the coast of San Diego:

News media both in Japan and worldwide have parroted the line that the ocean will dilute the radionuclides to insignificant numbers.  But history clearly shows that radionuclides persist in the marine environment and accumulate in food chains to a significant degree for a very, very long time.  Dilution isn’t a very assuring idea, when there are 439 nuclear reactors around the world, all of them releasing radioactivity in the environment!

What You Can Do:

This blog is loaded with info on how to protect yourself from radiation.  If you haven’t already, I highly suggest reading my posts on Probiotics, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, and Pectin, and check out the archives as well.  

In addition, I encourage you to limit your intake of seafood, especially from the Pacific.  Avoid larger predatory fish, such as tuna or shark that tend to bioaccumulate toxic elements.  This list describes which fish to avoid in order to decrease mercury exposure, and similar principles should apply with radionuclides.   

I also encourage you to practice anti-nuclear activism and make personal choices that decrease our dependency on nuclear power.

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GreenMedInfo.com is one of my favorite sources for information on natural therapies, and an important source for this blog.

In the following video, Sayer Ji, founder of GreenMedInfo explains a resource that is the byproduct of two years of information gathering on the topic of reducing Radiation Disaster Associated Toxicity. There are over 100 substances listed which are foods, spices and nutrients which may contribute greatly to reducing suffering associated with this event. The relevant research is located here

http://www.greenmedinfo.com/disease/radiation-disaster-associated-toxicity

This video goes into some detail about why the official radiation risk models are not realistic and the real dangers are much worse than governments lead you to believe.

All the best,

JB

Previously, I wrote about the affinity of certain mushrooms for cesium and their use for bioremediation.  It seems fungi are not alone in their appetite for radionuclides.  There is a class of bacteria that have been known for a long time to feed off of ionizing radiation.  When exposed to x-rays, these bacteria are known to move towards the source of radiation, rather than away from it.

Now there are a number of researchers in Japan who are busy demonstrating that these photosynthetic bacteria can be an effective force for bioremediation of nuclear fallout.  Here is a brief video from NHK world:

More on the work by Ken Sasaki:

http://www.nukeclear.sekaifood.com/en/component/content/article/263-new-bioremediation

The researchers mixed 90 grams of photosynthetic bacteria with alginic acid and other chemicals, forming the resulting granular material into marble-sized spheres. These were injected into 50 liters of concentrated sludge, whose radiation levels were monitored for three days.

Radiation levels ranging from 12.04 to 14.54 microsieverts per hour at the start of the experiment were found to have dropped to between 2.6 and 4.1 microsieverts per hour by the end of the third day. Subtracting the 1.2 microsieverts of radiation that was detected in the area around the pool during the experiment due to the Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant disaster, the bacteria was found to have reduced radiation levels in the sludge by a maximum of 89.4 percent.

The negative charge of the surface of the bacteria used in the experiment has the property of attracting positively-charged materials, which it did with the positively-charged cesium. Moreover, the bacteria feed on potassium, and Sasaki says the bacteria likely absorbed the cesium because of its resemblance to potassium.

Through dehydration and incineration, the volume of the used bacteria mixture can be reduced to a seventy-fifth of its original volume, and weight to a hundredth. Cesium turns into gas and is dispersed at 640 degrees Celsius, which can be avoided if temperatures are kept at 500 degrees or lower.

Sasaki, who is planning to run demonstration experiments, is hopeful that the technology can be applied to the decontamination of radiation-tainted soil. “The strength of this technology is that it makes decontamination possible at regular temperatures and pressures,” he said. “It is low cost as well, and we’d like to see it used in Fukushima’s reconstruction efforts.”

Even more interesting, but a bit more obscure is work being done that suggests bacteria may actually speed the decay of radioactive cesium by as much as 30 times the normal half life!  Still looking for more documentation on this.  Here’s what I have so far:

According to V. Vysotskii and A.Kornilova, the radioactive 137Cs (half-life 30 years) can be destroyed by bacteria. In an experiment described at (1) they introduced 260,900 Bk of 137Cs into a solution containing several chemical substances and bacteria. By natural decay the activity after 100 days would be reduced by 1670 Bk. But the actually measured reduction of radioactivity, after 100 days, turned out to be 51,100 Bk, plus or minus 1000. In other words, the reduction due to bacteria was 29 times larger than the reduction due to natural decay.

All activities were measured by placing small solution-containing flasks (2 by 2 by 2 cm) on top of the 1- cm-wide detector (2). Flasks were hermetically sealed, to make sure that cesium does not escape into the air, in the form of a volatile compound. Absence of accumulation of a solid cesium compound, gradually precipitating toward the bottom of the flask, was confirmed in a control experiment (during which 137Cs was decaying in the same chemical solution but without bacteria.) The decrease of radioactivity, during that experiment, was very close to the expected 1670 Bk.

http://pages.csam.montclair.edu/~kowalski/cf/402vysotskii.html

And here is a PDF that is fairly technical from the scientists in Kiev who performed this research: http://pages.csam.montclair.edu/~kowalski/cf/402vysotskii.pdf

One of the interesting takeaways from that PDF is that what was most effective were synergistic communities of micro-organisms, rather than monocultures of one strain of bacteria or yeast.  This should not surprise us at all from what we know about the web of multitudinous life forms that make up soil or the complex ecologies of bacteria that inhabit our own guts.  Nothing in nature works in isolation.

What we are talking about here is biological transmutation, which is based on theory outside of the mainstream of physics.  One prominent promoter of this theory in Japan was reknowned macrobiotic teacher George Ohsawa.  Considering the success macrobiotics has shown over the years in treating radiation illness, perhaps the theory should not be lightly dismissed.

Here is a little more about research being done on a particular bacterium by the US Department of Energy (who created the nuclear waste problem in the first place):

The contamination of groundwater with radionuclides and metals is one of the most challenging environmental problems at Department of Energy former nuclear weapons production sites. Researchers at the University of Massachusetts have previously found that Geobacter species can precipitate a wide range of radionuclides and metals (including uranium, technetium and chromium) from groundwater, preventing them from migrating to wells or rivers where they may pose a risk to humans and the environment.

The analysis of the genome sequence revealed a number of capacities that had not been previously suspected from past research on this microbe. “We’ve provided a comprehensive picture that has led to fundamental changes in how scientists evaluate this microbe,” said Barbara Methe, the TIGR researcher who led the genome project and is the first author of the Science paper. “Research based on genome data has shown that this microbe can sense and move towards metallic substances, and in some cases can survive in environments with oxygen.” G. sulfurreducenswas previously thought to be an anaerobic organism.

The other main project collaborator was Derek Lovley, a professor of microbiology at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, who discovered the Geobacter family of bacteria and has led projects to assess their biology and their potential for bioremediation. Lovley said, “Sequencing the genome of Geobacter sulfurreducenshas radically changed our concepts of how this organism functions in subsurface environments.” The genome analysis, he said, “revealed previously unsuspected physiological properties” of the bacterium and also gave scientists insight into the metabolic mechanisms that the organism uses to harvest energy from the environment.

Geobacter reduces metal ions in a chemical process during which electrons are added to the ions. As a result, the metals become less soluble in water and precipitate into solids, which are more easily removed. Small charges of electricity are also created through the reduction process. Geobacter is also of interest to the Department of Energy because of its potential to create an electrical current in a “bio-battery.”

Geobacter microbes are widely distributed in nature and are commonly found in subsurface environments contaminated with radionuclides and metals. Researchers have demonstrated that if they “feed” the microbes simple carbon sources such as acetate they will grow faster and precipitate more radionuclides and metals. These findings are now serving as the basis for a test of a bioremediation strategy aimed at removing uranium from groundwater at a Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action site near Rifle, Colorado.

http://genomicscience.energy.gov/news/1203geobacter.shtml#page=news

Geobacter sulfurreducens is not the only bacterium with the ability to induce profound changes in radioactive elements.  There are a vast number of different types of bacteria that may be helpful in decontaminating land.

The folks over at Uncanny Terrain offer this post related to the use of EM (effective micro-organisms) which is a proprietary culture which has been popular as an agricultural application in Japan and abroad:

Ishii used to deliver food to Japanese restaurants in Maryland.  For years he studied EM (effective microogranisms) as a hobby.  Now he grows organic vegetables in Sukagawa, 60 km southwest of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.  He believes the EM prevents his crops from absorbing radioactive cesium—they have tested “ND”: no detectible radiation.

Controlled experiments have been done using EM in Iitate Village, which was heavily affected by fallout from the Fukushima nuclear accident.  The results are stunning.  

1. The Results in Iidate Village

A summary report is presented here, while a detail report will be presented in October. A plot of 24a blueberry field was divided into a control section (with no EM application) and two experimental sections (with EM application). The experiment began in the 2nd week of May by making twice-a-week spraying of a mixture of 80 parts EMA (EM activated) and 20 parts phototrophic bacteria solution: 100L of the mixture per 10a in one experimental section and the same amount of the mixture with one time application of 250Kg rice bran per 10a in other experimental section.

The preliminary measurement showed that cecium-137 level reached 20,000Bq per 1Kg soil. In order to reduce the radiation down below 5,000Bq (considered allowable for farming by Japanese government), EM mixture was sprayed twice per week. Interim report presents the results after 19 sprays (in about two months). Soil sampling was made in accordance with the sampling standards for environmental data prescribed by the Ministry of Education and Science and sent to a highly reputable Isotope Research to determine the level of cesium-137.


(1-1) The Field Experiment in Iidate Village

The results were as follows. The level of 20,000Bq decreased by 40% in one month and by 75% by the end of the 2nd month to 5,000Bq which was allowable for planting rice. Farming is allowable now.

A half-life of cesium-137 is about 30 years. When left as is in the nature, the level in the experimental field will be 10,000Bq after 30 years. It will take 60 years to reach the level of 5,000Bq.

Other than rice farming, allowable level of radiation exposure has not been established for other crops and vegetable farming. The allowable level of cesium-137 for farm and marine produce is set below 500Bq. Needless to say; it is desirable when “not-detected”.

In addition, there is a group of farmers in Fukushima Prefecture a little further from ground zero who have had their produce tested for radiation.  Again, the results are remarkable:

In the area of Date city of Fukushima prefecture, there are many farmers who have used EM well over 15 years. Mr. Makuta Takehiro has organized about 50 EM farmers under a supply chain management called “Agri-SCM”. The recent Tsunami and earthquake has forced approximately 10 farmers out of farming, leaving only 40 farmers in the group.

In order to prevent unfounded conjecture, Mr. Makuta took the harvested crops and vegetables of “Agri-SCM” farmers to Isotope Research for radiation measurement, all of which results showed “not-detected”. According to Mr. Makuta, some farm products from low contamination areas have shown high concentration above the allowable level when EM application has not been made. All EM applied farm products from Kohriyama and Fukushima cities have proved “not-detected” level of radiation, which seems to indicate that EM farming can solve radiation problems.

A lot more on the use of EM for bioremediation can be found here.

While EM products are excellent products, they are often criticized for being costly.  The bacteria and yeasts in the EM formula are abundant naturally-occurring bacteria normally present in soil and natural bodies of water.  Anyone can brew their own version with a little effort and a dash of adventurousness.

Iiyama Ichiro has been a professional in agricultural and bioremedial use of beneficial bacteria for many years in Japan, China and Korea.  Iiyama is promoting the practice of homebrewing bacteria (fermenting) for internal use, for bathing, cleaning radiation around the home and for bioremediation of farmland.  

Here is his website in Engrish, which is barely comprehensible due to translation software, and not very informative anyway.  There are also Japanese and Chinese versions, not sure how informative they are.  His far-ranging Japanese blog is here.    

Here is a brief summary from a blogger whose Japanese wife is following Iiyama’s method of homebrewing.  

There are ten 2-liter plastic bottles standing together under
the sun in our living room which my wife Minako is
cultivating–yogurt germs, which supposedly can fight against
radiation. It’s a very simple recipe: rice bran (multi-purpose:
once used for miso, as well as for detergent, via gamma-
globlin), brown sugar, sea salt, and mineral water.

Each bottle needs to be shaken several times a day and
the cap removed to allow the germs to breathe.
Eventually the water is carbonated because the germs breathe
out CO2. When the germs become sufficently cultivated, the
water turns caramel-colored and smells like fruity vinegar.
When it’s ready, you can dilute it and pour it around
contaminated areas such  as sewer openings, leaf piles, or
poorly drained areas. Basically, the water can be scattered
everywhere.

Here’s the rest of the blog post.

Obviously, if bioremediation using bacteria is as effective as early results suggest, this is exhilirating news for Japan, Ukraine and the rest of the world.  The ability to decontaminate the landscape quickly and inexpensively is a game-changer.

The implications for human health are also very important.  In my post on probiotics, I touched on the radioprotective power of probiotic foods.  The ability of bacteria to transform radionuclides into harmless elements may be one of the reasons why probiotic foods are so effective in supporting the health of those affected by radiation.

That’s all for now.  Below is a list of links related to this topic.  I hope to post more over the next few months.

Be well,

JB

Been a long time since I’ve updated this blog… been busy with way too many things.  Anyway, this is the latest info on bioremediation with sunflowers out of Fukushima.  From the ex-skf blog:

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 2012

91,600 Bq/Kg of Radioactive Cesium from Sunflowers in Iitate-mura, Fukushima

So the sunflowers DID concentrate radioactive cesium in soil. It was not where the Japanese government wanted you to find.

According to one Iitate-mura villager, Mr. Itoh, who had his sunflowers tested, the radioactive cesium was IN THE ROOTS. He suspects that the government knew, and cherry-picked the data that seemingly supported the foregone conclusion that sunflowers do not work in decontaminating the soil.

Why? Because the government wants and needs to distribute big money to big businesses that closely work with the government in the “decontamination” bubble that they’ve created.

From his tweets on February 7, 2012:

ヒマワリの根 セシウム134 39,500bq/kg セシウム137  52,100bq/kg セシウム計  91,600bq/kg。ヒマワリの根の灰については、焼却温度が低く、体積が1/4程度にしか減らなかった、2,200gの根を燃やし460gの灰が出た。

Sunflower roots: Cesium-134, 39,500 Bq/kg; cesium-137, 52,100 Bq/kg; total 91,600 Bq/kg. Since the roots were burned at low a temperature, the roots were reduced to only one-quarter in mass. 2,200 grams of the roots were burned, resulting in 460 grams of ashes.

焼却温度が高ければ1/100、とすると200万bq?。農水省は税金を投入し大臣自ら植えたヒマワリの実験畑の除染効果は無いと断言したが、ある思いを持っての実験、効果なしの結論を前提にしたものだったから。農水省の放射性廃棄物の検査は何故か“根”を外しているから。

More at the link:

91,600 Bq/Kg of Radioactive Cesium from Sunflowers in Iitate-mura, Fukushima | EX-SKF.

 

 

Short video about a shopkeeper in Yokohama who is testing his produce for radiation contamination:

Japanese citizens test for radiation – ABC News Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

 

Unfortunately, this article from the Japan Times repeats the brainwashing that radiation levels are negligible, as well as nonsense such as hydrogen explosions are what spread the radiation around, when we know their was more than one nuclear criticality at Fukushima.  I will also add that radionuclide contamination from Fukushima has been detected in every US state.   Due to the continued leakage of the reactors and the reckless policy of incineration of contaminated debris and agricultural wastes, fallout it going to continue to be an issue in North America for some time to come.  

Regardless, a couple of tips that may be useful:

http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/fs20110920a2.html

News photo
Simple solutions: Cesium-134 and -137 are easily dissolved in water, which means rinsing vegetables and fruit can help reduce radiation levels. Cutting vegetables into smaller pieces and soaking them in water is even more effective.

Noguchi says that radiation, though invisible and odorless, can be treated and cleaned up like a stain, noting that by rinsing the food well before cooking, preferably with hot water, and/or boiling or stewing it, a large portion of radioactive elements can be removed. In his book, published in Japanese in mid-July, “Hoshano Osen kara Kazoku wo Mamoru Tabekata no Anzen Manyuaru” (“The Safety Manual for Protecting Your Family From Radiation Contamination”), Noguchi offers tips on how to prepare food, item by item, so consumers can reduce their radiation intake at home.

In the book, he refers to data released in 1994 by Japan’s semi-public Radioactive Waste Management Center (now the Radioactive Waste Management Funding and Research Center). The center’s report, titled “Removal of Radionuclides during Food Processing and Culinary Preparation,” compiled results of detailed tests conducted in Europe and Japan following the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster.

“This is not something we must absolutely do,” he said about radiation-removal steps. “But since we don’t know how much — within the safety limits — food is irradiated, taking these steps can safeguard us further.”

Here are some of Noguchi’s tips on preparing major food groups:

Vegetables

News photo

A series of hydrogen explosions at the plant in March resulted in the release of large amounts of radioactive particles into the atmosphere, tainting vegetables and fruits grown outdoors. They also contaminated soil with iodine-131, cesium-134 and cesium-137. Iodine-131 is no longer detectable due to its short half-life of eight days. The cesium isotopes, meanwhile, need long-term monitoring because cesium-134 takes two years to decrease by half and cesium 137’s half-life is 30 years.

The good news is, cesium can be easily dissolved in water. So the best way to prepare vegetables and fruits is to rinse them well before cooking. If possible, cut vegetables into small pieces and soak them in water for a while.

More radiation in spinach and other leafy vegetables can be removed if they are boiled. As for lettuces, throw away the outer leaf and rinse the rest well. Data from Chernobyl shows that rinsing lettuce can remove up to half of the cesium-134 and two thirds of the cesium-137. Cucumbers can be pickled with vinegar, which cuts radiation by up to 94 percent. Peeling carrots and boiling them with salted hot water would also help reduce cesium levels.

Meat and fish

News photo

Livestock can be tainted through the grass and water they consume. Well-grilled, salt-sprinkled beef poses less risk than anything cooked to a medium-rare or medium state, by cutting 28 percent of cesium, according to a Chernobyl-tied study. Boiling leg meat has been proved to reduce cesium by about 50 percent. Make sure to drain off the hot water. Don’t worry about the pork bone broth; cesium accumulates mostly in meat, not bones, and the levels of strontium-90, which does accumulate in bones, are negligible.

For fish and other seafood, however, watch out for strontium-90, which has a half-life of 29 years. According to Noguchi, far greater quantities of strontium-90 were released into the ocean than into the air and ground. Contrary to popular thinking, large fish are not necessarily riskier to consume. Though large fish do eat smaller fish, which leads some to believe they accumulate more radioactive materials, Noguchi says it is the small fish and flat fish that have stayed close to the Fukushima plant that pose more risk. Unlike large fish that swim longer distances, small fish cannot move far from contaminated areas.

With tuna fish, rinse with water before eating or cooking. Boiling or marinating salmon helps remove cesium-137, and avoid eating fish bones, as they could contain strontium-90.

Rice and wheat

News photo

Much has been said about the nutritiousness of brown rice, but when it comes to radiation, it is the bran layer beneath the husk that absorbs and accumulates cesium from soil. That means white, polished rice, which has no bran layer, is a safer option — though it does contain fewer vitamins, minerals and fiber than brown rice. If you rinse white rice well before cooking, you can also remove radiation-emitting residue on the grain.

Wheat products such as bread, spaghetti and noodles pose very little risk, since 90 percent of wheat in Japan has been imported from overseas. For those concerned with radiation in pasta or noodles made from wheat in Japan, the thinner the noodle, the more cesium released when cooked.

Dairy products

News photo

Fresh milk from Fukushima Prefecture was suspended from the market from mid-March until the end of April after it was found to contain radioactive iodine. The air and grass consumed by dairy cows had been contaminated. Authorities have since been keeping an eye on levels of radiation in milk, so you need not worry too much about the products currently on sale.

Cheese and butter are fine, too, because, during their production, the milk whey — the liquid that gets separated from curd — is removed. While rich in nutrition, cesium and strontium tend to remain in whey. Yogurt, which usually has whey floating on top, also undergoes radiation checks before going on the market, but if you are still worried, pour off the whey before you eat the yogurt.

Seaweed

News photo

Wakame (soft seaweed) and kombu (kelp) are integral parts of the Japanese diet. They flew off store shelves in the wake of the nuclear disaster, when consumers heard that the natural iodine in them might help them fight radiation contamination.

Seaweed from the sea close to the nuclear plant, however, will likely absorb high levels of radiation in the coming years. You can rinse it before cooking, or choose seaweed harvested elsewhere.

Kunikazu Noguchi’s book, “Hosha no Osen kara Kazoku wo Mamoru Tabekata no Anzen Manyuaru” (“The Safety Manual for Protecting Your Family from Radiation Contamination”), was published by Seishun Shuppansha in July, in Japanese only, priced at ¥1,000.

For those who aren’t familiar with the various units and numbers related to radioactivity, 28,000 bq/kg is a stunning measure of radioactivity.  This highly concentrated radioactive waste!  You wouldn’t want to stand near it for long, never mind eating it!

Mushrooms are known to concentrate radionuclides at up to 10,000 times the levels in the background environment.  One must be very careful about the origin of mushrooms before eating them.

While this is disturbing news, this also reaffirms the exciting potential for mycoremediation as described in Paul Stamets’ proposal for a Nuclear Forest Recovery Zone.

 

It also reaffirms the importance of pectin as the most effective chelator for radioactive cesium.

Here’s the news from the ex-skf blog:

Wild Mushroom in Fukushima Tested 28,000 Becquerels/kg of Radioactive Cesium 

“It’s not food any more, it’s simply radioactive materials”, as the young man at theCitizen’s Radioactivity Measuring Station in Fukushima City said of the radioactive mushroom in Germany’s ZDF program aired on August 9.

Wild mushroom harvested in a town in Fukushima tested highest ever radioactive cesium so far in food after the Fukushima I Nuke Plant accident that I’m aware of:28,000 becquerels per kilogram.

According to the data from Fukushima Prefecture, 13,000 becquerels/kg of cesium-134, and 15,000 becquerels/kg of cesium-137 were detected from the mushroom.

The town, Tanakura-machi, is located at about 73 kilometers southwest of Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant.

From Yomiuri Shinbun (9/3/2011):

福島県は3日、同県棚倉町の山林で採取した野生のチチタケから、国の暫定規制値(1キロ・グラム当たり500ベクレル)を大幅に上回る2万8000ベクレルの放射性セシウムが検出されたと発表した。

Fukushima Prefecture announced on September 3 that 28,000 becquerels/kg of radioactive cesium was detected from wild mushroom, Lactarius volemus, harvested in the mountains in Tanakura-machi. The level of radioactive cesium vastly exceeds the national provisional safety limit of 500 becquerels/kg.

チチタケはシーズン初めのため、市場に流通しているものはないが、県は同日、同町や販売業者に、チチタケを含む野生キノコ(菌根菌類)の摂取と出荷を自粛するよう通知した。

It is still early in the season for this particular mushroom and it is not sold in the market. The prefectural government notified the town and the distributors to voluntarily halt harvesting and shipping of wild mushrooms includingLactarius volemus.

県によると、このチチタケは1日に採取された。県は今後、付近の野生キノコの放射性物質検査を行うとともに、摂取自粛を呼びかける看板の設置などを行う。

According to the prefectural government, the mushroom was harvested on September 1. The government is going to test the mushrooms nearby for radioactive materials, and put up signs calling for voluntary halt on harvesting.

同県では、これまで野生のキノコで暫定規制値を超えたのは、同県古殿町のチチタケの3200ベクレルが最高値で、県は「ここだけ突然高い値が出たので困惑している。調査を続けて原因を調べたい」としている。

In Fukushima Prefecture, 3,200 becquerels/kg of radioactive cesium has been detected from Lactarius volemus harvested in Furudono-machi. The prefectural government says, “We are surprised at the extremely high number. We will continue to investigate and identify the cause”.

放射性セシウム:土壌からほぼ全量回収可能…新技術を開発 – 毎日jp(毎日新聞).

放射性セシウム:土壌からほぼ全量回収可能…新技術を開発

 産業技術総合研究所(茨城県つくば市)は31日、土壌から放射性セシウムのほぼ全量を回収できる技術を開発したと発表した。汚染土壌に低濃度の酸の水溶液を混ぜてセシウムを抽出し、微粒子状の顔料に吸着させる。東京電力福島第1原発事故では、外部に放出された大量の放射性物質による土壌汚染が問題となっているが、この処理技術を活用することで放射性廃棄物を150分の1に減量できるという。

 研究グループは、福島県飯舘村の畑の地中から採取された汚染されていない土壌から放射性ではないセシウムを除去できれば、同様の方法で放射性セシウムも回収できるとして実験に着手。汚染されていない土と低濃度の硝酸水溶液を混ぜ、圧力容器内で200度で45分間加熱したところ、セシウムの100%抽出に成功した。温度が半分の100度でも約60%を抽出できたという。水溶液は繰り返して使える。

 さらに第2段階で、水溶液からセシウムイオンだけを取り込む青色の人工顔料プルシアンブルーを吸着剤に活用。粒径10ナノメートル(1ナノは10億分の1)の微粒子状に加工して円筒形の装置に詰め、この水溶液を2回循環させたところ、100%吸着できた。

 産総研の川本徹・グリーンテクノロジー研究グループ長は「土壌を傷めなくてすみ、抽出したセシウムを顔料で吸着できる。コストも安い。企業の協力を得て実証実験を目指したい」と話している。【安味伸一】

毎日新聞 2011年8月31日 22時27分

We assume that contaminated beef has been shipped overseas.  We are also certain that cattle in North America have been grazing on fallout-laden grass for several months now.  Obviously, the levels in North American beef will be much lower than numbers of beef raised in Japan.  This is a moderately informative article regarding the contamination of beef in Japan.  As usual, we need to filter the usual rubbish about not being of any concern.  Cesium 137 is toxic at any dose, even if the dose won’t kill you all by itself.  Comparisons to flying halfway around the world make radiation sound innocuous, but as any flight attendant will tell you, frequent flying accelerates aging.

Once again, I will stress the importance of pectin as the most effective chelator for radioactive cesium.

Do people who have eaten contaminated beef need to worry about their health?

Not unless a person continues to consume tainted beef over a long period of time. As of Thursday, the most highly contaminated beef found contained radioactive cesium of 4,350 becquerels per kilogram, according to the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry. The meat did not reach the market.

Eating 1 kg of the meat is roughly equal to a radiation dose of 82.65 microsieverts for a period during which radioactive cesium remains in one’s body. If a person eats food with radioactive cesium, half the amount remains in the body for nine days for a baby younger than 1. But the duration gets longer as people age, and it takes 90 days for those aged 50.

The 82.65 microsieverts compares with the 100 microsieverts of radiation a person would be exposed to during a one-way air trip from Tokyo to New York.

Are worries over meat overblown? | The Japan Times Online.

Powdered Pectin – cool, right?

Pectin Rocks!

Pectin is undoubtedly one of the most amazing tools in the radioprotective arsenal – but first of all, what is it?  Pectin is a soluble fiber found in fruits and vegetables.  It is best known as a thickening agent for jellies and jams, however, it is a powerful detoxifier for the body.

Pectin is found to some degree in almost all fruits and vegetables, however the amount of pectin is commonly around 1%.  Most of the pectin is often found in the skin of fruits.  For example, an orange peel may contain up to 30% pectin.  Most commercially produced pectin is made from skins leftover from making orange juice and apple juice.

OK – now for the cool part…

Apple Pectin Reduces Cesium 137 load by over 62% in one month:

Following the Chernobyl accident, a great deal of research went into how to efficiently remove radionuclides from the body.  Since then, decades of research from around the world has shown that pectin is extremely effective at removing radioactive cesium from the body.   

A randomised, double blind placebo-controlled trial was conducted with 64 children originating from the same group of contaminated villages in the Ukraine.  The average reduction of the 137Cs levels in children receiving oral pectin powder was 62.6%, the reduction with the placebo was 13.9%.  No child in the placebo group reached values below 20 Bq/kg BW (which is potentially associated with specific pathological tissue damage), with an average value of 25.8 +/- 0.8 Bq/kg. The highest value in the apple-pectin group was 15.4 Bq/kg, the average value being 11.3 +/- 0.6 Bq/kg BW.

In another study following the Chernobyl accident, two groups of children, one with very high and another with less high levels of cesium 137 were given supplementary apple pectin. Apple pectin significantly decreased 137Cs loads in these groups (39% and 28%, respectively). http://www.greenmedinfo.com/article/…osed-radioisot

A study published in 2007 indicates that children in contaminated areas of Belarus continue to have high cesium levels decades after the explosion, and that treatment with pectin continues to be a useful treatment to reduce the radioactive load.

Pectin Chelates other Heavy Metals, too:

Pectin has also been used as a chelator for other heavy metals, including mercury, arsenic, lead and cadmium.  It is important to consider that toxins in the body have a negative synergy.  A non-life threatening dose of mercury along with a non-life threatening dose of lead becomes life threatening.  Thus, it is vital to cleanse the system of heavy metals along with radionuclides.

A study conducted by Dr. Eliaz in Sebastapol, CA, administered modified citrus pectin at a dose of 15-20 grams per day to subjects with normal body loads of heavy metals. In the first 24 h of MCP administration the urinary excretion of arsenic increased significantly (130%), On day 6, urinary excretion was increased significantly for cadmium (150%). Lead showed a dramatic increase in excretion (560%).

Pectin and citrus peels have even been studied as cheap methods of removing heavy metals such as Cadmium from wastewater.  Interestingly, one study concluded that even citrus peels with the pectin removed acted as heavy metal chelators, indicating that pectin isn’t the only active chelator in citrus peels, though it is definitely the most effective.

Pectin has Anti-Cancer Properties:

Pectin is a Prebiotic: 

As mentioned in the post on that topic, probiotics are essential to a radioprotective diet. In turn, prebiotics are essential to probiotics, they are food for the beneficial bacteria.  In order to take advantage of this prebiotic function, probiotic supplements often include some kind of prebiotic fiber, commonly pectin or inulin.

In addition to feeding the beneficial bacteria, pectin, like other forms of dietary fiber, will help keep your colon moving, and therefore eliminating toxins.  Pectin is an effective treatment for both constipation and diarrhea, which is a rather remarkable balancing act. The fact that diarrhea is one of the common symptoms of low-level radiation sickness, this makes pectin even more relevant as a radioprotective nutrient.

Pectin improves HDL/LDL ratio:

General Mills and other cereal makers have drilled the mantra that oat fiber helps improve heart health, specifically cholesterol levels.  Oat fiber is a soluble fiber, the same as pectin. As expected, research has clearly shown that pectin will improve HDL/LDL levels, therefore improving cardiovascular health.

A beautiful orange with the outer peel removed…the whole thing goes in the blender

Whole Food Sources of Pectin:

The obvious thing is to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, and whenever the skin is edible, make sure you eat it.  The skin of fruits and vegetables are high, not only in pectin, but also in a wide range of antioxidants and other life-affirming phytonutrients.  Isn’t it a miracle that simple food is medicine?

However, if you want a for a deeper cleansing of the system, you are going to have to ingest more pectin.  If you have been exposed to radioactive cesium (Hint: Everybody has been, to some degree), you may wish to focus on the easiest whole food source of pectin: the white part of the citrus peel, referred to as the pith.

Since I was a kid, my dad always told me to eat the white part, because that’s where the nutrition was.  It’s humbling to know that decades later I’m still finding out just how right my parents were.  😉

The pith of the citrus contains about 30% pectin.  It also contains high concentrations of a wide range of beneficial phytonutrients including over 60 flavones.  A video towards the bottom of this post goes into some detail about the many nutrients in an orange.  Here are a few highlights:

For close to 2 years, we have been making fruit/vegetable smoothies in a 3hp blender. If we do citrus (lemon, lime, orange or grapefruit, we cut away the outer colored peel with a knife, leaving most of the white inner peel, and toss the whole thing in the blender.  A small juicing orange might have 10 grams of white pith, while a large navel orange might have over 30 grams of pith.  Grapefruits are even higher.  The king is the giant pomelo fruit.  Regardless, back to oranges, if the pith is 30% pectin we are talking about 3-10 grams of pectin from a single orange.  5 grams of pectin is considered a therapeutic dose according to studies done at Chernobyl, though much higher doses are safe.

Even if you don’t do smoothies, you can always just peel an orange and scrape the inner peel off with your teeth and eat it!  You’ll be getting pectin and a whole lot more.

Pectin as a Supplement:

It isn’t always practical to take your blender everywhere and you can’t always find the citrus you might like. Fortunately, pectin can be found in a concentrated powdered form.  A teaspoon of pectin can be mixed into a glass of water every morning.  I sometimes mix a teaspoon of pectin with a teaspoon of chlorella and some water first thing in the morning.  BELRAD institute recommends taking pectin supplements for no more than a month in a row.

Below is an excerpt from a post on NaturalNews.com on using powdered pectin as a chelator.  They recommend using the grocery store version of pectin for canning.  That’s fine, though be careful to read the label as some of those contain unhealthy preservatives. You can probably find a higher quality product at a health food store, possibly even at a cheaper price.  Regardless, the post is worth reading:

What is Fruit Pectin and Where is it Found?

Pectin is a substance found naturally in many fruits whose properties make it excellent for use for making jellies. Pectin also has the ability to pull heavy metals and other contaminants from the blood stream through a process called chelation. These contaminants are excreted through normal urination.

Pectin is found in the rinds of many fruits and vegetables. Excellent sources of pectin are bananas, apples, cabbage, okra, beets, grapes, carrots and all citrus fruit in the white part called the pith.

Gently Detox from Contaminants and Heavy Metals

Eat several servings of high-pectin fruit daily for a natural, gentle detox. One of the best sources of pectin is green apples. Organic apple juice and unsweetened applesauce are also good sources of natural fruit pectin.

Using Pectin to Chelate Heavy Metals and for Deep Drug Detox
For a deeper and more controlled detox, find pectin at the grocery store in the canning section. Pectin made especially for chelating heavy metals and drugs is available at health food stores in powdered form. Check labels to make sure the pectin is free of MSG.

To use pectin, mix 2-4 teaspoons of dry pectin to an 8 oz. glass of grape juice once a day. Start with a lower dose of pectin until the body gets used to it and increase the amount slowly.

Continue taking pectin for a period from 2 weeks to 6 months to complete a drug detox or when chelating heavy metals. Indicators for completing the detox period are a reduction in symptoms. Although there is no such thing as a symptom-free detoxification during chelation therapy, if pectin is taken in small quantities over a period of time, overall health will return as energy increases and disease symptoms disappear.

Supervision for Heavy Metals Chelation and Drug Detox

People addicted to narcotics of any form should use pectin only under supervision during drug detox.

Pectin can cause problems in people who are sensitive. Some people may experience a flare up of their symptoms during the detox period including dizziness, nausea, joint or muscle pain, weakness and fatigue. Reducing the amount of the dose is usually enough to lessen symptoms making the detox experience more comfortable. Seek medical supervision to help with dosing.

Learn more: http://www.NaturalNews.com/029148_pe…#ixzz1PVzYDjey

More Resources Related to this Post:

BELRAD Institute is one of the associations heavily involved in the use of Pectin in the former Soviet Union.  This page describes their pectin products, which not surprisingly contain pectin, antioxidants and synergistic minerals, such as potassium: http://www.belrad-institute.org/UK/doku.php?id=pectine_preparation

Here is a podcast of an interview done by Mike Adams with Dr. Issac Eliaz on the subject of detoxification with Citrus Pectin (38 minutes):

http://www.naturalnews.com/podcasts/DrIssacEliazCitrusPectinPodcast2008.mp3

And a short youtube from Dr. Eliaz:

A brief video explaining a little about the hundreds of phytochemicals found in oranges:

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